Tanzania Travel Guide


Tanzania unfolds the Serengeti’s plains, Wildebeest Migration, Mount Kilimanjaro’s majesty, and the striking Maasai silhouettes.

Overview - Kenya

Uncover Kenya's
Hidden Wilderness

Kenya stands as a premier safari destination, ideal for both seasoned adventurers and newcomers to the safari experience. Home to the famed Masai Mara National Reserve, it boasts remarkable opportunities to witness big cat species and hosts the spectacular annual wildebeest migration. Beyond the savannah, its sun-drenched, palm-fringed beaches provide a serene escape for post-safari relaxation.

>> See incredible wildlife, like wildebeest during their annual migration in Serengeti.

>> Explore lesser-known safaris in Nyerere and Ruaha parks.

>> Enjoy multiple wildlife circuits for repeat visits.

>> Experience Africa’s best chimp trekking in the Gombe and Mahale Mountains.

>> Extend your trip with beach holidays in Zanzibar.

>> Immerse yourself in native cultures and traditions.


Wildlife & Animals - Tanzania

In Tanzania, you can enjoy fantastic wildlife sightings. There are three unique safari circuits, each making Tanzania an outstanding wildlife destination on its own. You can easily spot the Big Five and other popular safari animals. The black rhino, although rare, can be found in places like the Ngorongoro Crater.

The Serengeti is well-known for its many big cats, and the endangered African Wild Dog is quite common in Nyerere and Ruaha parks. Gombe Stream and Mahale are the top chimpanzee reserves in Africa.

Wildebeest Migration

Witnessing the wildebeest migration in Africa is an extraordinary wildlife spectacle. Over two million animals, primarily wildebeest but also zebras and gazelles, roam the Mara-Serengeti ecosystem. The calving season adds a special charm, as adorable wildebeest calves abound. This bustling period attracts predators, providing a thrilling opportunity to observe nature's drama unfold.

Luxury Africa Safaris to Tanzania


12-Day Best of Kenya Tanzania Safari

12 Days | 2023-2024

Nairobi, Lake Naivasha, Masai Mara, Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater & Amboseli

Cross Kenya and Tanzania through the rich, fertile Masai Mara. The wonders of Kenya and Tanzania unfold before you on this incredible safari adventure, which goes deep into the heartland of the Maasai tribespeople and the finest game parks in eastern Africa. While traveling through the world-renowned Masai Mara and the vast open Serengeti plains and on to the lakes of the Great Rift Valley and the dramatic scenery of the Ngorongoro Crater.

Kenya | Tanzania

$ 4,812
Land Transport


7-Day Premium Tanzania Luxury Safari Vacation

7 Days | 2023-2024

Arusha, Tarangire, Lake Manyara, Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater

Enjoy a 7-day premium Tanzania Luxury Safari Vacation to Northern Tanzania parks named Tarangire, Serengeti, and Ngorongoro Crater. Not break the bank this affordable Tanzania Luxury safari is exposed to front-row seat wildlife viewing, all meals and drinks are included in your package, and this is your chance to see the big five such as lion, buffalo, leopard, elephant, and rhino, and much more – a true African Experience.

Tanzania |

$ 2,824
Land Transport


Treasure of Tanzania

10 Days | 2023-2024

Serengeti National Park, Arusha, Lake Manyara, Ngorongoro Crater, Oldupai Gerorge & Zanzibar

Nature meets opulence on your Luxury Tanzania Safari: Serengeti to Zanzibar. Visiting the Serengeti will be a big tick off your African tour bucket list. With top-class wildlife viewings, unforgettable safaris, and unique accommodations, your time in the Serengeti will be one to remember forever. From nature to luxury, we take you from the plains to the beaches to relax and unwind for the rest of your luxury holiday while surrounded by stunning Zanzibar.

Tanzania |


Includes On-Tour Air


13-Days Tanzania & Zanzibar Timeless Gorilla Trekking in Rwanda

13 Days | 2023-2024

Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater, Oldupai Gorge, Lake Manyara National Park, Arusha, Stone Town

Within your 13-day tour, you will encounter the best that of Tanzania and a truly unique Rwandan encounter. Explore the wildlife-rich national parks of Africa that promise close-up animal encounters like no other. Enjoy a private ocean safari and spice tour in Zanzibar that will reveal many cultural treasures before a gorilla trek in Rwanda to make sure you tick off is a true bucket list experience!

Tanzania | Rwanda

$ 9,757
Includes On-Tour Air


13-Days the Heart of East Africa Classic Safari

13 Days | 2023-2024

Arusha, Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti National Park,

Amboseli National Park, Nanyuki, Masai Mara Game Reserve & Nairobi

Uncover the best of East Africa on this classic, luxury safari. We take you from the birdwatcher’s paradise of Tanzania through to the Serengeti, where you will get up close to the big five as you ride the plains of the park. Catch a glimpse of Mt. Kilimanjaro peaks en route to Kenya, where you can take in the herds of elephants inhabiting Amboseli National Park, visit Jane Goodall’s Sweetwaters Chimpanzee Sanctuary, and encounter the largest resident black rhino in East Africa

Tanzania | Kenya

$ 6,400
Includes On-Tour Air

National Parks & Game Reserves – Tanzania

Ngorongoro Crater



Serengeti National Park

Selous & Ruaha National Park

Mt. Kilimanjaro

Tarangire National Park

Lake Manyara
National Park

Mahale Mountain National Park


Tanzania at a glance

Home to two of Africa’s highest mountains and a superb selection of fine game parks, Tanzania also offers luxurious beach escapes on top of stylish safari opportunities. The country’s people and cultures are equally as interesting, and you’ll encounter them regardless of where you travel.

Tanzania key facts

Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa and includes the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba, and Mafia. The country is about twice the size of California and is bordered by the Indian Ocean. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa and is flanked by three of the largest lakes on the continent. Lake Victoria, in the north, Lake Tanganyika in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the southwest

61.5 Million


Tanzania shilling (TZS)




All year around


Kiswahili & English

Open plains

Savannah landscape covers the volcanic grasslands

Riverine Forest

Forests frame the Great Rift Valley lakes

Freshwater Lakes

Freshwater lakes surrounded by wooded grassland.


Home to the highest mountain in Africa.

Blue Wildebeest

The annual Great Migration is a sight to behold.


One of Tanzania’s most iconic big cats.


A fast antelope often seen on the open plains.

Superb Starling

Tanzania is home to an array of starling species.

Tanzania Weather

Tanzania has a warm tropical climate, but the weather varies in different parts of the country due to factors like altitude. The coast is hot and humid, while areas like the western and southern parks are also warm but less humid. Inland regions are milder and cool down at night. Tanzania experiences clear dry seasons and rainy seasons.


May to October


November to January


March to May


Tanzania is a beautiful place to visit. However, there are a few things to know before you take a plane to visit us. Bush 2 City Tanzania is also happy to answer any questions you have before or during your trip.

The ideal time to visit Tanzania is from late June to October, which is the Dry season. During this period, wildlife viewing is excellent. The famous wildebeest migration occurs in June and July, while the calving season is from late January to February. The southern and western parks are best explored from June to October, while the northern parks can be visited throughout the year.

Best Time: June to October: Suitable for all parks. Also, June-July and January-February are best for Serengeti, especially for wildebeest migration and calving.

High Season: July to March: Crowded in northern circuit parks. Southern and Western circuit parks remain uncrowded throughout the year.

Low Season: April and May: Northern circuit parks still receive visitors. Southern and western circuit parks see closures in many lodges.

Best Weather: June to October: Little to no rainfall.

Worst Weather: March and April: Peak of the Wet season, with heavy rainfall.


June to October – Dry Season:

  • > June and July: Ideal for witnessing the wildebeest migration.
  • > August to September: Optimal for observing wildebeest river crossings in northern Serengeti.
  • > Wildlife congregates around waterholes and rivers, enhancing visibility.
  • > Fewer mosquitoes due to minimal rainfall.
  • > Clear skies and mostly sunny days.
  • > Cold mornings and nights; advisable to bring warm clothing.


November to May – Wet Season:

  • > January-February: Ideal for witnessing wildebeest calving in the southern Serengeti and observing predator action.
  • > Lush green scenery enhances the natural beauty; it’s the low season, resulting in lower rates and fewer crowds in parks.
  • > Despite easier wildlife spotting during the Dry season, you’ll still encounter abundant wildlife, especially in the northern circuit parks.
  • > Migratory birds are abundant, offering excellent bird-watching opportunities.
  • > Rains, mostly short afternoon showers, rarely disrupt your trip, except for the peak Wet season from March to May.
  • > March to May: Peak of the Wet season.
  • > Wildlife viewing in Tarangire, Katavi, Nyerere, and Ruaha is better during the Dry season.


Best Time to Visit Wildlife:

  • > Year-Round Wildlife: Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater provide consistent wildlife viewing.
  • > Migration Highlights: June and July offer prime migration sights, and February is ideal for wildebeest calving.
  • > Dry Months: Generally, dry months provide excellent wildlife viewing across Tanzania.
  • > Dry Season Parks: Tarangire, Katavi, Nyerere, and Ruaha are best explored from June to October.


Best Time to Visit Each Park:

Year-Round Wildlife: Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater always have good animal sightings. Migration Peak: June and July are ideal for witnessing the migration spectacle. Calving Season: February is the best month to see wildebeest calving. Dry Months: Across Tanzania, dry months ensure good wildlife observation. Dry Season Parks: Tarangire, Katavi, Nyerere, and Ruaha are best from June to October.


Gombe National Park:

  • January to March: Fairweather
  • April: Poor weather
  • May: Fairweather
  • June: Good weather
  • July to September: Excellent weather
  • October: Excellent weather
  • November: Good weather
  • December: Fairweather


Katavi National Park:

  • January to March: Fairweather
  • April to May: Poor weather
  • June: Fairweather
  • July: Good weather
  • August to October: Excellent weather
  • November: Fairweather
  • December: Fairweather


Lake Manyara National Park:

  • January to February: Good weather
  • March: Fairweather
  • April: Fairweather
  • May: Fairweather
  • June: Excellent weather
  • July to September: Excellent weather
  • October: Excellent weather
  • November: Good weather
  • December: Good weather


Ngorongoro Crater:

  • January to December: Excellent weather


Nyerere National Park:

  • January to February: Fairweather
  • March to April: Poor weather
  • May: Fairweather
  • June: Excellent weather
  • July to October: Excellent weather
  • November: Good weather
  • December: Good weather


Ruaha National Park:

  • January to February: Fairweather
  • March to April: Poor weather
  • May: Good weather
  • June to September: Excellent weather
  • October: Excellent weather
  • November: Good weather
  • December: Good weather


Serengeti National Park:

  • January to February: Good weather
  • March to April: Fairweather
  • May: Fairweather
  • June: Excellent weather
  • July to September: Excellent weather
  • October: Excellent weather
  • November: Good weather
  • December: Good weather


Tarangire National Park:

  • January to March: Fairweather
  • April: Fairweather
  • May: Fairweather
  • June: Good weather
  • July to September: Excellent weather
  • October: Excellent weather
  • November: Good weather
  • December: Fairweather

Tanzania has three international airports: Julius Nyerere International Airport (DAR), Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO), and Zanzibar Abeid Amani Karume Airport (ZNZ). JRO is the most common entry point for tourists.

Depending on where you are, various airlines serve international airports in Tanzania. KLM provides flights for Europe and America (Delta connection). Emirates and Qatar connect most of Asia and Oceania. Please be aware you may connect through Nairobi, Kenya.

How can I navigate through Tanzania?
Tanzania serves as a gateway to Africa, primarily through Dar es Salaam, and also through limited international flights directly to Kilimanjaro.

Tanzania boasts several airports, but the key entry points are the Julius Nyerere International Airport in Dar es Salaam on the coast, and Kilimanjaro International Airport in the northeast. There are also connecting flights from Jomo Kenyatta Airport in Nairobi, Kenya.

For those embarking on a safari adventure, you have the option to arrive at either of these airports and then connect with scheduled light aircraft flights to reach remote airstrips in the wilderness areas. A typical journey might begin with your arrival at Kilimanjaro, where our safari driver/guides would be ready to drive you to Arusha, where you’d spend the night. Early the next day, you can catch one of several flights departing from Arusha, heading out to various safari destinations. Alternatively, if you arrive in Dar es Salaam, you can connect to light aircraft flights to Arusha or the southern parks like Selous or Ruaha, depending on your arrival time. Keep in mind that if you’re heading to the more remote western parks, flights only depart twice a week and can take up to five hours to reach their destinations.


Scheduled International Flights:

The primary gateways to Tanzania are Dar es Salaam and Nairobi in Kenya. Kilimanjaro also receives limited international scheduled flights. Daily domestic flights link these gateways with Tanzania’s wildlife areas.


Tanzania’s Domestic Airlines and Flights

Travel between parks in Tanzania is facilitated by domestic and charter flights, often arranged by tour operators as part of tour packages. Several domestic carriers operate these flights, providing convenient options for travelers:

  • Air Tanzania
  • Precision Air
  • Regional Air
  • ZanAir
  • Safari Air Link
  • Coastal Aviation
  • Auric Air
  • Air Excel
  • As Salaam Air



Self-driving isn’t recommended in Tanzania due to its vast size, varying road conditions, and the need for 4×4 vehicles in most areas.

Guided Driving Safaris:

We offer a fleet of vehicles and can customize itineraries throughout the country.

Travel Times:

When planning travel within Tanzania, it’s important to consider the relationship between distance and time. Below are some guidelines to help you estimate travel times based on distance.

What to Keep in Mind When Traveling in Tanzania: Tanzania covers a vast area, and distances between attractions can be substantial. It’s advisable to consult with a tour/Safari specialist in organizing flights and transfers. Keep in mind that certain attractions, such as the Selous Game Reserve and Ruaha National Park, are remote and require air transport for visits.

Road conditions can vary, and many areas demand 4×4 transportation. Traveling by road isn’t recommended, and if you choose this option, be prepared for long, dusty, and potentially exhausting journeys.

All safari guests must carry a passport that is valid for six months beyond the length of stay. Please ensure that you scan copies of your passport and email it to yourself so you have access to it if you misplace or lose your passport.

Visas are required to enter Tanzania, and you can apply for a visa online or upon arrival. Bush 2 City Tanzania recommends applying for a tourist visa online before your arrival, as this speeds up the process. Applying upon arrival means waiting while the visa is processed, which could add hours.

Fees for tourist visas vary depending on your country of origin. Additionally, Tanzania has separate frees for single-entry and multi-entry visas. However, the current prices (2023) are around USD50 for a single-entry and USD100 for a multi-entry.

Note: For US citizens, the Tanzania online visa is valid for multiple entries, allows stays of up to 90 days within every 180 days, and is valid for one year from the date of arrival.

For the majority of eligible nationalities, the Tanzania tourist eVisa is available as a single-entry visa for a stay of up to 30 days and is valid for 90 days from the date of arrival.

What do I need?

  • 1. Passport with a minimum validity of 6 months and at least 1 blank page
  • 2. A recent photo, passport-style
  • 3. Current email address
  • 4. Credit/debit card

To apply for the Tanzania tourist visa, applicants need to meet the following Tanzania eVisa requirements:

  • 1. Passport valid for at least six (6) months from the intended date of arrival, with at least 1 blank page
  • 2. Image of the passport information page
  • 3. A recent photograph of the applicant, passport-style
  • 4. Credit or debit card to pay the eVisa fee
  • 5. A valid email address to receive the approved application notification letter visa grant notice, and any updates and notifications.

Passengers may be asked to provide a copy of their return or onward flight tickets.

To meet the Tanzania online visa requirements, the applicant must also print a copy of the approved application notification letter and visa grant notice to present at Tanzanian border control, to gain expedited entry to the country.

Travelers with dual nationality need to ensure they travel with the same passport used to complete the Tanzania visa application.

Official Link to apply for your visa: Access it by clicking here. 


What is the typical processing time for a Tanzanian tourist Visa?
Typically, an online Tanzanian Tourist Visa is processed within one (1) business day. However, in some instances, it may take up to seven (7) days to receive the approved visa. We recommend applying as early as possible once you have confirmed your travel dates.

If you are arriving at Tanzania Mainland or Zanzibar, without having arranged a visa in advance, please follow the procedure outlined below, to ensure that you get the correct visa and meet up with your driver guide outside the arrival door:

  • 1. Complete the visa request form (either on the flight or on arrival)
  • 2. Join the queue for one of the visa counters – please don’t let yourself be assisted by anybody at the airport or be persuaded to give your visa money to anyone apart from the staff at the counter
  • 3. Pay for the visa – USD 100 per person for US nationals and USD 50 per person for nationals of other countries (visa fees are payable in cash ONLY and US bills should not be older than 2006)
  • 4. Make sure that you get a receipt for this transaction – the receipt is yellowish- orange color with a silver seal sticker
  • 5. Verify that the number on the receipt is the same as the one written on top of the visa stamp on your passport
  • 6. Queue up for your fingerprints and passport check
  • 7. Collect your luggage and leave by the exit door
  • 8. Outside the exit door, you will see our driver guide holding the ‘Bush 2 City Adventure’ sign board

If you are arriving in Kenya, before transferring to Tanzania, you should familiarize yourself with any Kenyan visa requirements that may apply and ensure you obtain the necessary visa or transit visa for that country, too. Useful information regarding visas for Tanzania and Kenya can be found on the Tanzanian Embassy websites in your home country.

To travel to Tanzania, you should bring the following:

  • 1. Passport
  • 2. Tourist Visa
  • 3. Travel vaccination certificates
  • 4. COVID-19 Vaccination certificate, or COVID-19 passport
  • 5. Travel Insurance (policy number and emergency numbers)
  • 6. Medical Insurance (policy number and emergency numbers)
  • 7. Flight tickets (including your exit ticket)
  • 8. Trip itinerary with Bush 2 City Tanzania contact details
  • 9. Photocopies of important documents or keep images of these on your phone
  • 10. Spare passport photos
  • 11. International driving license (if you plan to hire a car)
  • 12. Cash (USD is preferred as long as notes aren’t older than 2006. Euros are the next best currency to bring)
  • 13. Credit card (Visa, Mastercard, or American Express. Note that American Express is not accepted everywhere)
  • 14. Money belt or secure pouch
Health Information from Bush 2 City Tanzania

This page is for informational purposes only. Please consult a licensed medical professional, travel clinic, or your country’s public health authority for medical advice before traveling.

Please note that public health rules do periodically change. You must follow the current regulations to enter Tanzania and enjoy your Bush 2 City Tanzania experience.

Specific Health Concerns

The government of Tanzania does not require proof of COVID-19 vaccination or testing to enter the country. However, to maximize the enjoyment of your trip, completing a COVID-19 vaccination course minimizes your risk of severe disease that will interrupt your trip.

Please note that while the government does not require COVID-19 vaccination, your airline carrier, transit countries, or final destination may.

Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever vaccination certification is required if you are traveling from a country deemed at high risk or spend more than 12 hours in a country deemed high risk. If you cannot be vaccinated, you will need an official letter from your doctor to travel.

Please note that some public health authorities recommend receiving a yellow fever vaccination before traveling to Tanzania, even if you do not come from a region with a yellow fever risk.


Malaria is present in Tanzania and does pose a health risk. Please see your doctor as soon as you plan your trip for advice on which anti-malarial treatments suit you and when to start them. You need to start most anti-malarial medications before your trip for the best protection.


Rabid dogs and other animals are common in Tanzania, particularly in rural areas. Bush 2 City Tanzania recommends all individuals, including children, receive a rabies vaccination before coming to Tanzania since the healthcare infrastructure may not be available.

Tsetse Flies

Tsetse flies are present in Tanzania. To minimize the chances of a bite, wear neutral-colored long pants, long-sleeve shirts, and insect repellent. A bite can result in an unpleasant fever, fatigue, swelling to the lymph nodes, headache, fatigue, skin rash, and the parasite that causes sleeping sickness.


Bush 2 City Tanzania recommends bringing your medications to treat diarrhea. Any new destination poses the risk of you getting diarrhea. While drinking only bottled water can minimize your chances of getting diarrhea, nothing is guaranteed.

Other Travel Notes
Prescription Medications

Please confirm your prescription medications are legal in Tanzania before arrival and discuss options with your medical team if they are not. Plan to bring enough prescription medication to cover your entire trip.

Bush 2 City Tanzania also recommends bringing a letter from your doctor listing your medication, dosing, and its purpose to be on the safe side.

Medical Facilities

Tanzania offers limited medical facilities in its principal cities, and those facing an emergency may need medical evacuation depending on their location. Medical facilities are listed below:


  • Aga Khan Hospital
  • Aicc Hospital
  • NSK Hospital
  • Total Care Medical Centre
  • Selian Lutheran Hospital

Dar es Salaam

  • Aga Khan Hospital
  • Ebrahim Haji Ithnasheri Asheri Charitable Hospital
  • Oysterbay Hospital
  • TMJ Hospital Limited


  • Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre
  • Jaffery Charitable Medical Services

Your body is not acclimatized to tap water in Tanzania, and drinking it may cause digestive problems. Bottled water is readily available throughout Tanzania. Bush 2 City Tanzania recommends consuming at least 2 liters of water daily throughout your trip.

Tanzania does not require vaccination besides yellow fever vaccinations for people from high-risk areas. However, Bush 2 City Tanzania suggests that all travelers consult their medical teams and receive all age-appropriate vaccinations as the World Health Organization recommends before travel.

The Shilling is the official currency in Tanzania. However, USD is also acceptable in most places, and the Euro is gaining popularity. If you need to change money, do so at official Foreign Exchange offices for reliable results.

Please note you are welcome to use credit cards in many locations. Visa is the most widely accepted, followed by Mastercard, then American Express. Using a card may result in a 3% to 5% fee, so make sure to ask.

Travelers’ checks are difficult to cash and are not recommended but you may wish to bring them for emergency purposes. It is recommended to bring enough US dollars plus an additional cushion amount to cover all additional expenses just to be on the safe side. Please make sure to bring crisp, new vintage bills as many shops, hotels, and banks in Tanzania will not accept older bills due to counterfeiting problems.

Most Costs Included

The majority of the costs of your trip are included in your package. See your inclusions and exclusions section on the cost breakdown (2-page) page of your itinerary along with the tipping guidelines below for a gauge to determine the amount of money you will need to bring. You should bring U.S. dollars in both large and small denominations to pay for any additional expenses.

Change for large denominations may be difficult. Most of the extras on your safari including drinks ($1 – $3 per bottled water, soft drink, beer, wine, or spirits where not included), laundry ($2 – $3 per item where not included), souvenirs (many under $5) and miscellaneous tips (see the tipping section below) are individually under $5. Accordingly, carrying on you an envelope of one-dollar bills comes in handy.

Wine (all from South Africa) usually runs about $25 to $30 a bottle, beer about $4 a can, and about $7 or so for mixed drinks (gin and tonic, etc.). Soft drinks are usually about $2 a can. At lodges where soft drinks are not included, bottled water is complimentary in your rooms but bottled water ordered with meals in the dining room such as at dinner is considered a bar item. It’s usually about $5 for the big liter plus bottles.

Credit Card Warning

Due to recent occurrences of credit card fraud in Tanzania, we are advising all guests to take extra precautions regarding the use of their credit cards while in Tanzania. If you use your credit card in Tanzania (i.e. at a hotel or shop), there is a higher-than-normal risk that the credit card numbers will be stolen and fraudulent charges will be made. Accordingly, we believe that it is prudent to take the following precautions:

  • -Do not use credit cards in Tanzania. Instead, plan to use cash for all purchases.
  • – If you do plan to use a credit card in Tanzania, then please call your credit card company prior to departure and advise them of the following: A) your travel dates and locations for both your final destinations and locations of layovers/stopovers, B) authorize charges only within those travel dates and C) set a maximum transaction limit.

Please review current and future credit card statements upon returning home.

Tipping in Tanzania serves as a means for guests to give back to the local community. It has become a customary practice in the country and is typically done at the conclusion of your trip, stay, or trek. While tipping is an integral part of the safari industry and a way to show appreciation for excellent service, it might feel unfamiliar if it’s not customary in your culture. However, it’s advisable to follow the local practice.

To help guests understand what amounts and methods are appropriate or customary, we have provided suggested guidelines below for tipping on your safari:

  • Driver-Guide: It is customary to tip your driver-guide between $40 to $70 per vehicle per day.

  • Walking Safaris: A tip of $10 per person is recommended.

  • Maasai Boma Visit: For this experience, consider tipping $50 per vehicle.

  • Meet & Greet Staff in Arusha/Kilimanjaro: It is customary to tip between $10 to $20 per vehicle.

  • Porterage/Baggage Handling: A tip of $2 per room is customary.

  • Lodge/Camp Staff Gratuity Boxes: Most lodges and camps have gratuity boxes in the reception area. We recommend using these boxes instead of tipping individuals directly (waiters, bartenders, etc.). Your tip in the gratuity box is fairly distributed among all staff members, including those behind the scenes (cooks, room attendants, housekeepers, security guards, etc.). While tipping in these boxes is not mandatory, if you have received excellent service and wish to tip, consider $10 to $20 per group per night.

Please note that some Lemala Camp properties may suggest tipping their staff $15 per person per day, which can be found in the information sheets in your room. These tipping guidelines are not applicable to guests on a private safari with Bush 2 City Adventure and are specifically intended for guests on a group safari.

In most lodges and camps, someone will assist in bringing your luggage from your vehicle to your room. For this service, a $2 per room tip is recommended.

It is advisable to bring one-dollar bills for tipping and other small expenses (souvenirs, incidentals, etc.) as change may not be readily available at most properties. Additionally, for certain positions like your private butler at the Ngorongoro Crater Lodge or Mbalageti Presidential Suite, a suggested tip of $10 to $20 per couple per stay is appropriate.

The largest tip you’ll likely give on your safari will be to your driver-guide. It is customary to provide this tip as a lump sum on the last day of your safari. Large-denomination bills ($50 or $100) are suitable for your driver-guide tip, and it’s recommended to have crisp, new bills, as older bills may not be accepted at many establishments in Tanzania due to counterfeiting concerns.

Bargaining is customary in Tanzania. Please note that tourists are often quoted outrageous prices, and you should initially counter the first offer with a much lower one. If you do not come from a culture where bargaining is common, consider reading up on the practice before your arrival.

You want to bring as little luggage as possible to Tanzania. Typically, domestic airlines restrict passengers to one 6kg (13lb) handbag and one 15kg to 20kg (33lb to 44lb) main bag. Since cargo space is limited, please note that a duffle is your best choice for a main bag.

Please note that Tanzania uses 230 to 240 volts of current. Please investigate if you need a voltage converter before arrival. The most common socket type is the three square-pin variety, so you may also need a universal travel adapter.

Safaris are extremely informal vacations and the main goal is to pack lightly and smartly. Most lodges and camps will launder your clothes for free or for a small fee ($2 – $3 per item) within 24 hours. Loose-fitting, casual, and comfortable clothing is recommended, as you will be spending the majority of your safari wildlife viewing in a vehicle. Be prepared for daily highs ranging from the mid-70s to the mid-’80s and lows in the 50’s and 60s except during the cold season (June, July, and August) when the lows can drop down into the 40’s. The rim of the Ngorongoro Crater can get significantly colder during the night and early mornings due to the high elevation (7,500 – 8,000 feet).

There is little or no opportunity for fashion while on safari though you may wish to bring a nice outfit for a special dinner. All the lodges allow casual clothing and traditional safari wear while dining. There is a large temperature range each day and it is recommended to wear layers enabling you to adjust to the varying temperatures. It can be quite cold on early morning game drives and long pants and a warm sweater are needed. In contrast, shorts and t-shirts can be worn on afternoon game drives as it can get hot during midday especially with the strong equatorial sun shining down in a convertible vehicle. You must wear a wide-brimmed hat and apply sunblock frequently to all exposed areas.

Dark colors do tend to attract unwanted attention from certain insects. The tsetse fly (active only during the day) is attracted to dark colors (primarily dark blue) so these should be avoided when game driving. Tsetse areas include the woodlands of the West Serengeti, Tarangire, and a few parts of the North Serengeti. The plains of the south and east Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater and the southern areas of the Central Serengeti are tsetse fly free. It is recommended to wear long pants and shirts when game driving in an area known for concentrations of tsetse flies. Lighter and more natural colors such as khaki, brown, beige, olive, and green should be worn during the day. During the night, the color of your clothing is irrelevant. From dusk to dawn, it is recommended that you protect yourself from mosquitoes by wearing pants, long-sleeved shirts, socks, and shoes plus insect repellent.

Please see below for a recommended African safari packing list:

Safari Clothing

  • – One pair of comfortable walking shoes (i.e. sneakers, cross-training, or light hiking shoes)
  • – Casual, comfortable, and loose-fitting clothing in khaki, brown, beige, green, and olive colors
  • – T-shirts and light tops
  • – Long-sleeved shirts/blouses
  • – Shorts
  • – Light long pants or convertible long-short pants
  • – One warm fleece or sweater
  • – Socks and underwear
  • – Pajamas
  • – Hat and bandana
  • – Heavy sweater, warm gloves, knit hat, and scarf for the cold season (June – August)
  • – For the ladies, you may consider wearing a sports bra while out on game drives as the roads can be a bit bumpy
  • – Recommended but optional: lightweight jacket or windbreaker

Other Items

  • – Passport, plane tickets, safari itinerary, and emergency contact document
  • – U.S. dollars in large and small denominations and credit cards
  • – Small flashlight
  • – Sunglasses
  • – Sunscreen and lip balm
  • – Insect repellent
  • – Contact lens solution, spare glasses, and extra contact lenses
  • – Waterless anti-bacterial gel, hand wipes, and Kleenex
  • – Camera, plenty of film, extra batteries, and charger, if applicable
  • – UK plug adapter
  • – Small battery-operated alarm clock or watch
  • – Playing cards, small games, and reading material (see safari reading list)
  • – Journal or notebook for recording daily observations and pens
  • – Snacks – nutrition bars, nuts, candy, etc.
  • – Zip lock bags for toiletries, camera equipment, snacks, and small trash bags
  • – All rooms at each lodge/camp have soap and shampoo
  • – Small medical kit including aspirin, antimalarial pills, cold and allergy medicine, cream for itches and rashes (i.e. Benadryl itch relief stick), band-aids, stomachache medicine (i.e. Pepto-Bismol), antibiotic ointment (i.e. Neosporin), multi-vitamins, diarrhea medicine (i.e. Imodium), prescription antibiotic effective against a broad range of bacteria including travelers diarrhea (i.e. Ciprofloxacin commonly known as Cipro) and any prescription medications.
  • – If you have back issues, you may wish to consider bringing along a travel pillow to pad the safari seat over the bumpy roads (it can also double as a tool to steady your camera while taking pictures)
  • – If you wear contact lenses, you should also bring along a pair of glasses in case your eyes get irritated from the dust
  • – Be sure to bring enough cash. Credit cards are not accepted everywhere, and there are no ATMs out in the bush. See the money section for more information.
  • – As a safety precaution in case of a lost passport we recommend that all guests carry a photocopy of their passport in a separate piece of luggage or scan and email your passport to your Bush 2 City Adventure sales representative.
  • – Small battery-operated hand-held fan (some come with water reservoirs)
  • – Tanzania Visa
  • – Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate if traveling from a Yellow Fever infected country such as Kenya, Rwanda, or Uganda

We recommend lightweight clothing with moisture-wicking technology that draws moisture away from the skin to help keep you cool and dry. Many options are available from the various online outdoor outfitters such as REI which are ideally suited for warmer climates and many feature stretchy fabrics for maximum comfort with built-in UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor) sun protection and even vented side seams.


Repacking Tips and Luggage Recommendations

When preparing for your safari, it’s essential to keep a few things in mind. Most flights within East Africa, including the one from Arusha to the Serengeti, have a baggage restriction of approximately 15 kilograms (33 pounds) per person. This limit applies to the combined weight of all your luggage and carry-on items, including backpacks, purses, camera gear, and camera bags.

If your luggage exceeds the 15-kilogram (33-pound) allowance, there’s an excess baggage fee of approximately $6.60 per kilogram ($3 per pound), provided it can be accommodated on the flight. Usually, for the standard Serengeti flight included in most itineraries, excess luggage can be accommodated as long as it’s within reason (about 2.3 to 3.2 kilograms or 5 to 7 pounds over the limit). Any excess luggage that can’t fit on your flight will be flown on the next available one; there are typically at least two flights a day to/from the Serengeti.

If you’re a serious photographer with heavy gear, you may consider purchasing an extra seat for your internal flight(s) to avoid luggage restrictions. While soft-sided luggage is preferred for the flight to the Serengeti, hard-sided luggage is allowed. However, please ensure that your luggage dimensions do not exceed the cargo pod measurements, which can be as small as approximately 37 centimeters by 69 centimeters (14.5 inches by 27 inches).

If you have extra luggage that you won’t need for the safari (e.g., extra luggage for pre-safari or post-safari travel, books you read on the international flight, etc.), you are welcome to leave these items with our staff in Arusha for safekeeping. We’ll store them securely at our offices in Arusha and redeliver them to you before your journey back home.

It’s crucial to carry all valuables in your carry-on bag and avoid checking in luggage containing items like camera equipment, tablets, laptops, etc., to prevent theft. Please note that the flight to the Serengeti might make multiple stops before reaching your destination airstrip. The pilot will ensure you disembark at the correct airstrip, but be prepared for potential inconvenience. These flights can be quite loud, so you may want to bring disposable earplugs.

We recommend packing light, as formal clothes are not necessary, and most lodges and camps offer laundry services either free of charge or for a small fee (approximately €1.80 to €2.70 per item).

Lastly, please be aware that delayed or lost checked luggage is common on international flights arriving at Kilimanjaro, Nairobi, or Dar es Salaam. To safeguard against this, we advise carrying all luggage, including a carry-on suitcase (normal carry-on size that fits typical overhead bins) and a separate camera bag and/or shoulder bag per person. If you decide to check your luggage, make sure to carry all essential items, such as prescription medicines, camera equipment, essential toiletries, and at least two changes of clothes. Remember that you’re traveling to a remote location where it may be impossible to purchase such items in case your luggage is lost or delayed.

As you pack, consider whether an item is essential for your trip, and if it is, pack it in your carry-on bag. If delayed luggage is a concern, it’s also a good idea to include a duffel bag or similar item in your carry-on luggage so you can quickly transfer critical items if forced to check your luggage. Checked luggage is often delayed (estimated at roughly 20% of the time) on flights from Amsterdam to Kilimanjaro, but it can usually be delivered to us within 24 to 48 hours. There are daily flights to the Serengeti, so once we have your luggage, delivering it to you during your safari is not an issue.

While some clients have expressed interest in mailing items to Arusha ahead of time, we generally don’t recommend it. The mail service in Africa is extremely unreliable, and the cost can be rather high.

You may also leave extra suitcases at our office in Arusha upon arrival, and we can redeliver them to you after your safari. This is particularly useful for individuals combining their safari with vacations in Europe or other destinations with different clothing requirements and climates, especially in the winter. We can securely store all non-safari-related items at our office. Some guests prefer packing two different suitcases, one for the safari and one for Europe or other destinations.

Note on Dress Code in Zanzibar:

If you plan to visit Zanzibar, please dress modestly when not at the beach or beach resorts. Away from the beach and beach resorts, women should avoid sleeveless tops and short skirts (pants or at least knee-length shorts are fine). Men should wear shirts, pants, or knee-length shorts. During Ramadan, show respect by not eating or drinking in the street or other public places.

Luggage Recommendations:

Many people prefer a lightweight rolling duffle bag as it offers reasonable capacity without adding much weight. This allows you to allocate your weight allowance to the contents rather than the bag itself. Alternatively, a lightweight bag will also suffice. Several reputable luggage manufacturers offer suitable options. To find the right one for you, consider searching online using terms like “lightweight luggage.”

As for carry-on luggage, it’s essential to stay mindful of the airline’s regulations. Some airlines, like KLM, have been enforcing carry-on weight and size limits more rigorously, even for carry-on items that have rarely been checked in the past. To avoid potential issues, pack as lightly as possible and do not overstuff your carry-on luggage.

Lastly, it’s a good idea to include a duffel bag or similar item in your carry-on luggage, just in case you are required to check your luggage. This allows you to quickly transfer essential items like prescription medicine and a change of clothes to carry on board the aircraft.

Note: The above information is provided as a reference and not an exhaustive list. Your specific packing needs may vary based on personal preferences and the nature of your safari. 

Bush 2 City Tanzania recommends all travelers purchase travel insurance when booking their trip. Travel insurance covers you in case of injury, illness, travel cancellation, lost luggage, and more.

Bush 2 City recommends you read your travel insurance policy carefully before purchasing. Some policies do not cover activities like high-altitude trekking, such as what happens on Mount Kilimanjaro. You may also want medical evacuation/airlift coverage since Tanzania does not have the same healthcare infrastructure as other parts of the world.


Travel Guard


World Nomads

Is Tanzania Safe?

Tanzania is a relatively safe destination in East Africa. In fact, many experts deem it one of the safest places to go on an adventure. However, there are still some things you should be aware of before coming to Tanzania.

General Safety Tips

While this may seem obvious, Tanzania is a different country and culture from your home. You do not blend in as you would at home and must take a few reasonable precautions while visiting.

First, do not wander around with large amounts of cash or valuables. Doing so can make you a tempting target, so use the hotel safe if you bring these items. Remember, whether hiking Kilimanjaro or relaxing on a beach, you do not need anything fancy.

ATMs require a little caution to use in Tanzania. Please check around the ATM before using it and have a friend keep watch if possible. Cash is tough for police to trace and can be a tempting target.

Whether in a city or enjoying the bush, wandering after dark is not advisable. Darkness limits your situational awareness and can place you in personal danger. Instead, consider resting up to enjoy more of Tanzania in daylight.

Like all tourist destinations, crowded areas tend to have pickpocketing, and you may not notice them at work. Avoiding crowded places, particularly around destinations, limits the chances a pickpocket can steal from you.

Bush 2 City Tanzania Trip Tips

Bush 2 City Tanzania has guided people through safe and adventurous vacations for decades. Our primary goal as Tanzanians is to see you enjoy our beautiful country as we do.

Toward that end, please listen and follow all guide instructions. Additionally, the staff members on your vacation are happy to provide guidance on where to go, what to look for, how to stay healthy, and anything else that could enhance your experience.

Bush 2 City offers a broad array of experiences in Tanzania. Please listen to your guide for the rules for each adventure segment.

  • Wildlife viewing
  • Game drives
  • Camping
  • Canoeing
  • Walking safaris
  • Waterfall trips
  • Hiking, including high-altitude
  • Chimpanzee trekking
  • Beach vacations

Tanzania is beautiful, and we need your help to keep it beautiful for generations to come. Please plan to pack all evidence of your presence out, and do not collect souvenirs from nature. Instead, take only memories and photos.

Bush 2 City Tanzania guides will also brief you about the regulations surrounding your chosen adventures. For example, designated game roads and camping spots are part of outdoor adventures in Tanzania, and going “off-road” is a finable offense.

Most regulations are self-explanatory and easy to follow. However, Tanzania takes protecting the natural environment seriously, which may be stricter than what you’re used to in your home country.

Local Laws and Customs

Tanzania is generally a welcoming and friendly place to visit. However, Tanzanian society may have different norms than you are used to, and it’s best to familiarize yourself with the local customs before you arrive.


Tanzania has 126 languages spoken by varying numbers of speakers. English and Swahili are both official languages in Tanzania. Both are commonly spoken throughout the country, so you should be able to communicate easily.


Typically, Bush 2 City Tanzania recommends always remaining with your guides. However, should you desire to travel without them, stick to well-established public transportation, taxis with meters, and avoid any vehicle that looks sketchy.


Bargaining is a cultural norm in Tanzania. Some vendors will add extra charges to anything a suspected tourist wants to purchase, so be wary and canny when you purchase items.

Plastic Bags

Plastic bags are illegal in Tanzania, and using one can result in a fine. Bush 2 City Tanzania recommends purchasing a reusable bag in Tanzania, as they make great souvenirs. The only exception is resealable plastic bags some airlines require to transport liquids.


Tanzania uses 230 to 240 volts of current. You will need a voltage converter if you come from a location that uses 110 to 120 volts of current. Additionally, plug types D and G are common in Tanzania.


Tanzania has strict drug laws, and the use of illegal drugs can result in strong prison sentences. Please confirm that any prescription and over-the-counter drugs you intend to bring are legal in Tanzania before departure.


Tanzania also has strict cybercrime laws, and any violation may result in the seizure of your devices without a warrant. Depending on the offense, violations may carry fines or prison time. Violations can include consensual personal images as well as pornography.


While photography is encouraged around the wildlife and natural wonders that make Tanzania unique, you should photograph people only with permission. Please also note that it is illegal to photograph uniformed personnel, including members of the police and military.

All same-sex activity is banned under the law in Tanzania, and couples have received jail sentences of up to three decades. If you visit Tanzania, recognize that you must be discreet and keep your gender/sexual orientation private.

Specific Notes for Women

Tanzania is a conservative country, and modest dress is the norm throughout the country for women. Typically, clothing should cover the shoulders and go to the knees or longer for women, no matter the temperature.

Please note that Zanzibar is more conservative than the rest of Tanzania and plan accordingly.

Specific Notes for Men

Generally, men are only shirtless on the beach in Tanzania. Otherwise, they also cover their shoulders and wear pants that come to at least the knee. Tank tops, muscle shirts, and shorter shorts are not accepted.

Please note that Zanzibar is more conservative than the rest of Tanzania and plan accordingly.

Public Comportment

In Tanzania, public displays of affection are not typical. It is best to refrain from touching someone of a different sex in public, even if they are your spouse. Your Bush 2 City Tanzania guide will advise you on any local customs.

Wi-Fi is generally available in Tanzania but is less common in wildlife parks and rural areas.

Tanzania banned all plastic bags in 2019, and their use carries a fine. The only exception is the resealable bag required by some airlines for liquids, which must always remain in your possession.

Mobile Phones:

Mobile phone coverage is good in Tanzania’s large cities and towns, but less so in rural and mountainous areas. Ensure you have global roaming activated before leaving home if you wish to use your mobile phone.

Tanzania is in GMT+3. From popular cities, the time difference is:

Los Angeles: -10 hours

New York: -7 hours

London: -3 hours

Berlin: -2 hours

Hong Kong: +5 hours

Tokyo: +6 hours

Sydney: + 8 hours

Auckland: +10 hours



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